Columbia, KY Profile: Facts & Data


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Columbia, Kentucky - Basic Facts

The City of Columbia had a population of 4,916 as of July 1, 2018.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 37.1028 and longitude -85.3064 in Adair County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbia encompass a land area of 4.84 sq. miles and a water area of 0.04 sq. miles. Adair County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 748 feet.

The City of Columbia (GNIS ID: 2404105) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Kentucky is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Columbia is located within Columbia Division of Adair County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Columbia 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Columbia (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Kentucky Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Kentucky Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Columbia, KY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 4,916
Population in Households 3,648
Population in Familes 2,718
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,268
Population Density2 1,015
Diversity Index3 25


Median Household Income $29,141
Average Household Income $46,391
Per Capita Income $19,668


Total Housing Units 1,950 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,026 (52.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 654 (33.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 269 (13.8%)
Median Home Value $95,682
Average Home Value $136,355


Total Households 1,681
Average Household Size 2.17
Family Households 975
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 1.21% 0.24%
Households 0.32% 0.24%
Families 1.0% 0.08%
Median Household Income   1.1%
Per Capita Income   1.79%

Columbia, KY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 540 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Kentucky by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 89 84th
Population Density # 244 55th
Diversity Index # 140 74th
Median Household Income # 475 12th
Per Capita Income # 411 24th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Kentucky Census Data Comparison Tool.

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Kentucky Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Kentucky July 1, 2018 Data
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