Cumberland, KY Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Cumberland, Kentucky - Basic Facts

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The City of Cumberland had a population of 2,233 as of July 1, 2016.

The primary coordinate point for Cumberland is located at latitude 36.9857 and longitude -83.0014 in Harlan County. The formal boundaries for the City of Cumberland (see map below) encompass a land area of 3.11 sq. miles and a water area of 0.03 sq. miles. Harlan County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 1,444 feet.

The City of Cumberland (GNIS ID: 2404168) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Kentucky is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Cumberland is located within Cumberland Division of Harlan County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Cumberland population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


City of Cumberland, KY Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Cumberland Division | Harlan County | Kentucky Counties

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Cumberland, KY Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 2,233
Population in Households 2,221
Population in Familes 1,819
Population in Group Qrtrs 12
Population Density1 717
Diversity Index2 14


Total Households 903
Average Household Size 2.46
Family Households 592
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 1,086 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 497 (45.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 405 (37.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 183 (16.9%)
Median Home Value $42,262
Average Home Value $53,169


Median Household Income $21,758
Average Household Income $34,111
Per Capita Income $14,652
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population -0.03% 0.12%
Households -0.05% 0.11%
Families -0.5% -0.07%
Median Household Income   1.59%
Per Capita Income   1.43%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Cumberland, KY - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Cumberland to the other 540 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Kentucky by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 159 71st
Population Density1 # 325 40th
Diversity Index2 # 300 45th
Median Household Income # 524 3rd
Per Capita Income # 518 4th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Kentucky Census Data Comparison Tool.

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